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Access a user's accounts

User accounts are used in a variety of contexts in Ethereum, including as identifiers and for signing transactions. To request a signature from a user or have a user approve a transaction, your dapp can access the user's accounts using the eth_requestAccounts RPC method.

note

eth_requestAccounts internally calls wallet_requestPermissions to request permission to call the restricted eth_accounts method.

When accessing a user's accounts:

  • Only initiate a connection request in response to direct user action, such as selecting a connect button.
  • Always disable the connect button while the connection request is pending.
  • Never initiate a connection request on page load.

Create a connect button

We recommend providing a button to allow users to connect MetaMask to your dapp. Selecting this button should call eth_requestAccounts to access the user's accounts.

For example, the following JavaScript code accesses the user's accounts when they select a connect button, and the following HTML code displays the button and the current account:

index.js
// You should only attempt to request the user's account in response to user
// interaction, such as selecting a button.
// Otherwise, you popup-spam the user like it's 1999.
// If you fail to retrieve the user's account, you should encourage the user
// to initiate the attempt.
const ethereumButton = document.querySelector(".enableEthereumButton");
const showAccount = document.querySelector(".showAccount");

ethereumButton.addEventListener("click", () => {
getAccount();
});

// While awaiting the call to eth_requestAccounts, you should disable
// any buttons the user can select to initiate the request.
// MetaMask rejects any additional requests while the first is still
// pending.
async function getAccount() {
const accounts = await window.ethereum
.request({ method: "eth_requestAccounts" })
.catch((err) => {
if (err.code === 4001) {
// EIP-1193 userRejectedRequest error
// If this happens, the user rejected the connection request.
console.log("Please connect to MetaMask.");
} else {
console.error(err);
}
});
const account = accounts[0];
showAccount.innerHTML = account;
}

Handle accounts

Use the eth_accounts RPC method to handle user accounts. Listen to the accountsChanged provider event to be notified when the user changes accounts.

The following code handles user accounts and detects when the user changes accounts:

index.js
let currentAccount = null;
window.ethereum
.request({ method: "eth_accounts" })
.then(handleAccountsChanged)
.catch((err) => {
// Some unexpected error.
// For backwards compatibility reasons, if no accounts are available,
// eth_accounts returns an empty array.
console.error(err);
});

// Note that this event is emitted on page load.
// If the array of accounts is non-empty, you're already
// connected.
window.ethereum.on("accountsChanged", handleAccountsChanged);

// eth_accounts always returns an array.
function handleAccountsChanged(accounts) {
if (accounts.length === 0) {
// MetaMask is locked or the user has not connected any accounts.
console.log("Please connect to MetaMask.");
} else if (accounts[0] !== currentAccount) {
// Reload your interface with accounts[0].
currentAccount = accounts[0];
// Update the account displayed (see the HTML for the connect button)
showAccount.innerHTML = currentAccount;
}
}
note

eth_accounts now returns the full list of accounts for which the user has permitted access to. Previously, eth_accounts returned at most one account in the accounts array. The first account in the array will always be considered the user's "selected" account.

Disconnect a user's accounts

Since eth_requestAccounts internally calls wallet_requestPermissions for permission to call eth_accounts, you can use wallet_revokePermissions to revoke this permission, revoking your dapp's access to the user's accounts.

This is useful as a method for users to log out (or disconnect) from your dapp. You can then use wallet_getPermissions to determine whether the user is connected or disconnected to your dapp.

See how to revoke permissions for an example.