Skip to main content

Create a Snap to calculate gas fee percentages

This tutorial walks you through creating a Snap that calculates the percentage of gas fees that a user pays when creating a transaction. The Snap provides transaction insights in MetaMask's transaction confirmation window.



1. Set up the project

Create a new Snap project using the @metamask/create-snap starter kit by running:

yarn create @metamask/snap transaction-insights-snap


npx @metamask/create-snap transaction-insights-snap


npm create @metamask/snap transaction-insights-snap

Next, cd into the transaction-insights-snap project directory and run:

yarn install

This initializes your development environment with the required dependencies. You may get a warning similar to the following:

@lavamoat/allow-scripts has detected dependencies without configuration. explicit configuration required.
run "allow-scripts auto" to automatically populate the configuration.

You can resolve the issue by running the following command:

yarn run allow-scripts auto

2. Enable transaction insights and the Ethereum provider

The default template Snap, such as the one in Create a gas estimation Snap, is configured to expose a JSON-RPC API with a simple hello command, which brings up a dialog box. In contrast, the Snap you're creating in this tutorial doesn't expose any API. Instead, it provides transaction insights directly in MetaMask's transaction confirmation window.

In particular, the Snap shows the user the percentage of gas fees they would pay for their transaction. It gets the current gas price by calling the eth_gasPrice RPC method using the global Ethereum provider made available to Snaps.

To enable your Snap to provide transaction insights and use the global Ethereum provider, request the endowment:transaction-insight and endowment:ethereum-provider permissions in packages/snap/snap.manifest.json:

"initialPermissions": {
"endowment:transaction-insight": {},
"endowment:ethereum-provider": {}

In this tutorial, you can replace what was previously in initialPermissions. You do not need any permissions other than endowment:transaction-insight and endowment:ethereum-provider.

3. Calculate and display the percentage of gas fees

To calculate and display the gas fees a user would pay as a percentage of their outgoing transaction, replace the code in packages/snap/src/index.ts with the following:

import type { OnTransactionHandler } from "@metamask/snaps-sdk"
import { heading, panel, text } from "@metamask/snaps-sdk"

// Handle outgoing transactions.
export const onTransaction: OnTransactionHandler = async ({ transaction }) => {
// Use the Ethereum provider to fetch the gas price.
const currentGasPrice = (await ethereum.request({
method: "eth_gasPrice",
})) as string

// Get fields from the transaction object.
const transactionGas = parseInt(transaction.gas as string, 16)
const currentGasPriceInWei = parseInt(currentGasPrice ?? "", 16)
const maxFeePerGasInWei = parseInt(transaction.maxFeePerGas as string, 16)
const maxPriorityFeePerGasInWei = parseInt(
transaction.maxPriorityFeePerGas as string,

// Calculate gas fees the user would pay.
const gasFees = Math.min(
maxFeePerGasInWei * transactionGas,
(currentGasPriceInWei + maxPriorityFeePerGasInWei) * transactionGas

// Calculate gas fees as percentage of transaction.
const transactionValueInWei = parseInt(transaction.value as string, 16)
const gasFeesPercentage = (gasFees / (gasFees + transactionValueInWei)) * 100

// Display percentage of gas fees in the transaction insights UI.
return {
content: panel([
heading("Transaction insights Snap"),
`As set up, you are paying **${gasFeesPercentage.toFixed(2)}%**
in gas fees for this transaction.`

If you have previously developed a dapp, you're likely familiar with accessing the Ethereum provider using window.ethereum. In a Snap, the window object is not available. Instead, when you request the endowment:ethereum-provider permission, your Snap is granted access to the ethereum global object.

4. Build and test the Snap

To build and test your Snap:

  1. From the command line, run yarn start in the root of your project. This starts two development servers: one for watching and compiling the Snap, and another for the React site. The Snap bundle is served from localhost:8080, and the site is served from localhost:8000. You should get a message that includes:

    You can now view site in the browser.

  2. Open localhost:8000 in your browser (with MetaMask Flask installed).

  3. Select Connect and accept the permission request.

  4. After connecting, you're prompted to install the Snap with the Fetch and display transaction insights and Access the Ethereum provider permissions. Select Approve > Install.

  5. From MetaMask Flask, create a new testnet ETH transfer. You can set up multiple accounts to transfer between your accounts.

  6. In the transaction confirmation window, switch to the tab named TYPESCRIPT EXAMPLE SNAP. Switching to the tab activates the onTransaction entry point of your Snap and displays the percentage of gas fees in the transaction insights UI:

Transaction insights UI

5. Display a different UI for contract interactions

The Snap should display a gas fee percentage for ETH transfers initiated by the user. For contract interactions, add the following code to the beginning of the onTransaction entry point:

if (typeof === "string" && !== "0x") {
return {
content: panel([
heading("Percent Snap"),
"This Snap only provides transaction insights for simple ETH transfers."

6. Next steps

The initial project has generic names in multiple places. You can update the fields in snap.manifest.json to match your custom Snap:

  • proposedName - The name of your Snap. This replaces TYPESCRIPT EXAMPLE SNAP in the transaction insights UI.
  • description - The description of your Snap.
  • source - The shasum is set automatically when you build from the command line. If you decided to publish your Snap to npm, update the location to its published location.

Similarly, you should update the name, version, description, and repository fields of packages/snap/package.json even if you don't plan to publish your Snap to npm.


The version and repository fields in snap.manifest.json inherit the values from package.json and overwrite them in snap.manifest.json. We recommend updating version and repository in package.json first, then building the Snap project.

You should also add an icon by following the steps outlined in the gas estimation Snap tutorial.

Lastly, you can update the content of packages/site/src/pages/index.tsx, such as removing the template Send Hello button.

After you've made all necessary changes, you can publish your Snap to npm.