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Create a Snap to estimate gas fees

This tutorial walks you through creating a Snap that estimates gas fees. The Snap uses the fetch API to request information from the internet, and displays custom information in an alert dialog.



1. Set up the project

Create a new Snap project using the @metamask/create-snap CLI by running:

yarn create @metamask/snap gas-estimation-snap


npm create @metamask/snap gas-estimation-snap

Next, cd into the gas-estimation-snap project directory and run:

yarn install

This initializes your development environment with the required dependencies.

2. Set a custom icon

Open /packages/snap/snap.manifest.json in a text editor. This file contains the main configuration details for your Snap. Edit the npm object (within the location object) and change the value for the iconPath key by giving the path "images/gas.svg" to your new icon:

"location": {
"npm": {
"filePath": "dist/bundle.js",
"iconPath": "images/gas.svg",
"packageName": "snap",
"registry": ""

Next, download this gas.svg icon file into the /packages/snap/images folder. This is a free icon, Gas by Mello from Noun Project.

3. Enable network access

To enable your Snap to use the fetch API, make a request for the endowment:network-access permission by adding "endowment:network-access": {} to the initialPermissions object in snap.manifest.json:

"initialPermissions": {
"snap_dialog": {},
"endowment:rpc": {
"dapps": true,
"snaps": false
"endowment:network-access": {}
"manifestVersion": "0.1"

4. Fetch gas fee estimates

Open /packages/snap/src/index.ts. This is the main code file for your Snap. To get a gas fee estimate, use the public API endpoint provided by Open Source Ethereum Explorer. Add the following getFees() function to the top of the file:

import { OnRpcRequestHandler } from '@metamask/snaps-types';
import { panel, text } from '@metamask/snaps-ui';

async function getFees() {
const response = await fetch('');
return response.text();

Next, modify the Snap RPC message handler that displays the confirmation window. This handler uses a switch statement to handle various request methods, but in this case there is only one method, hello. For this method, the handler returns a call to MetaMask with the parameters to display a confirmation window, and passes some static strings.

Since getFees() returns a promise, you must use then() to resolve it in your hello method. Rewrite the hello method with the following code:

export const onRpcRequest: OnRpcRequestHandler = ({ origin, request }) => {
switch (request.method) {
case 'hello':
return getFees().then(fees => {
return snap.request({
method: 'snap_dialog',
params: {
type: 'alert',
content: panel([
text(`Hello, **${origin}**!`),
text(`Current gas fee estimates: ${fees}`),
throw new Error('Method not found.');

5. Build and test the Snap

To build and test your Snap:

  1. Open package.json in the root directory of the project, and increase the "version" (if the "version" is 0.1.0, increase it to 0.2.0).

  2. From the command line, run yarn start. In the terminal, at the bottom of the message log, you see the browser URL:

    You can now view site in the browser.

  3. Open localhost:8000 in your browser (with MetaMask Flask installed). A page like the following displays:

    Test dapp with template Snap

    This is a boilerplate test dapp for installing and testing your Snap.

  4. Select Connect to connect Flask to the dapp. After connecting, you're prompted to install the Snap with the following permissions:

    • Allow websites to communicate directly with this Snap.
    • Access the internet.
    • Display dialog windows in MetaMask.
  5. Select Approve & install.

  6. After installing, the Send message button on the page is enabled. Select this button. A dialog prompt displays with the response from the gas fee API:

Gas estimation dialog

Congratulations! You've integrated a public API into MetaMask and displayed real-time gas fee estimates.

6. Next steps

Next, you can try:

  • Parsing the JSON response from the remote API.
  • Displaying the fees in a nicely formatted way.

You can also update the fields in snap.manifest.json to match your custom Snap:

  • proposedName - The name of your Snap.
  • description - The description of your Snap.
  • repository - The URL of your cloned GitHub repository.
  • source - The shasum is set automatically when you build from the command line. If you decided to publish your Snap to npm, update the location to its published location.

Similarly, you should update the name, version, description, and repository sections of /packages/snap/package.json even if you do not plan to publish your Snap to npm.


The version field in snap.manifest.json inherits the version field from package.json.

Lastly, you can update the content of /packages/site/src/pages/index.tsx, such as changing the name of the method for showing gas fee estimates. If you change the method name, make sure to change the method name in /packages/snap/src/index.ts to match.

After you have made all necessary changes, you can publish your Snap to npm.